The UN Security Council on Friday reaffirmed democracy in Myanmar and the release of all detainees, including President-elect Aung San Suu Kyi, and called for an end to the violence in Southeast Asia and negotiations to end the political crisis caused by the February 1 coup.
The council’s response was prompted by a UN envoy’s courage, co-operative democracy and the people of Myanmar who have been protesting since the military has brought “unexpected difficulties” to the military by combining forces and threats that could bring the nation to a standstill. .
Christine Schraner Burgener, who is currently in Bangkok, told the council that 15 members that their talks in Southeast Asia have “increased” concerns that the situation in Myanmar is deteriorating everywhere.
He also mentioned the resumption of hostilities in the country, the poor refugees, government workers refusing to work in the uprising and the plight of families in the nearby city of Yangon “pushing the end” of famine, going into debt and trying to survive.
“The common goal of democracy is to unite Myanmar people across religions, ethnicities and groups more than ever before,” said Schraner Burgener. “Such a strong alliance has created unexpected problems for the military in combining power and maintaining stability.”
Members of the Security Council “reiterated their condemnation of Myanmar’s actions in response to an emergency declaration issued by the military on February 1 stating that they are supporting the democratic transition in Myanmar.”
The council reiterated its earlier statements, which include a strong condemnation of the use of violence against peaceful protesters and the deaths of hundreds of people, calling for the restoration of democracy and the release of detainees.
Schraner Burgener attended the April 24 meeting of 10 members of the Association of Southeast Asia Nations (ASEAN) in Jakarta, where the group convened the immediate end of violence, and negotiations to address the political crisis.
The UN envoy said he had held talks with Chief of Defense Forces Min Aung Hlaing on the sidelines of the ceremony and also asked to be allowed to travel to Myanmar.
They agreed to “keep the details of the exchange open so that they could continue to discuss it freely and openly,” he said, but assured the council that it had “expanded” the terms agreed upon by its 15 members.
Schraner Burgener repeatedly asked to travel to Myanmar – where the ambassadors arrested Aung San Suu Kyi and members of the elected government before taking office three months ago – but the military did not give him permission.
Anti-democratic protests have taken place in cities and towns across the country since the government passed the resolution.
“Government officials may be at risk if the pro-democracy movement continues to use deadly force, incarceration and torture as part of a military coup,” he said.
Call for a strong response
The Assistance Association for Political Prisoners, a security service that has been on the run since its inception, said security forces had killed at least 759 people and that more than 4,500 people had been arrested in protest of the shooting. Another 3,485 people are being held, according to the AAPP.
In a few words, the Security Council has strongly condemned the use of violence against peaceful protesters, the demand for democracy, and the release of detainees.
– Wai Wai Nu (@waiwainu) April 30, 2021
People a #Burma I want to say @alirezatalischioriginal @ USStateDepartm2 @FCDOGovUK & @ AliRazaAli123 which does not fall into the trap that junta can take to @Asean5 in-depth agreement. At the very least, don’t waste your time. @Mandy_Segall @KamemeTvKenya @NUGMyanmar @alirezatalischioriginal @KamemeTvKenya
– Kyaw Win (@ kyawwin78) April 30, 2021
Officials say the Security Council should approve a more aggressive response.
“The military has already returned to the” wrong “agreement reached by ASEAN leaders, so it is important that foreign powers do not take what happened last weekend as a legitimate way to Myanmar,” Akila Radhakrishnan, president of the Global Justice Center, said in a statement before the summit.
“The Security Council should monitor the response of Myanmar’s people, particularly women’s rights groups, to international sanctions, sanctions, and the International Criminal Court. It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post,” said ASEAN. , “action”. “
The militants, who ruled Myanmar for nearly 50 years, until they began experimenting with democracy ten years ago, have admitted that some protesters have been killed but have been blamed for the violence.
Schraner Burgener says there are reports of civilians, especially students from urban areas, being trained on how to use weapons by border forces.
“If more countries were not responded to, there would be more violence and more explosive weapons,” he said.
The United Nations says about 20,000 people have fled their homes and remained in Myanmar while about 10,000 have fled to neighboring countries, a UN envoy said.
The World Food Program says pre-existing poverty, COVID-19 and political instability could lead to 3.4 million more starvation in the next six months, with UNDP warning about half of Myanmar’s population could be I fell into poverty by next year.