Their forced migration reaches the highest point between COVID: UN | Migration Issues
The number of forced evacuations reached a peak by the end of 2020, with the COVID-19 epidemic surpassing other pre-existing drivers, a United Nations report has found.
In a report released Friday, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) found that 82.4 million people worldwide had been forcibly relocated by the end of 2020 – the highest number ever.
In 2012, that number reached 41 million, while in 2019, it reached 79.5 million.
As a result, more than 1 percent of the world’s population, or one in 95 people, is now forced to leave their home. This compares with one in 159 in 2010.
“The effects of poverty, food insecurity, climate change, conflict and relocation are strongly linked to mutual support, moving more people to seek safety and security,” the report found.
The UN said peace and violence rates have risen to nearly half of the world’s population, albeit in 2020, and that “the magnitude and severity of the food crisis has intensified in 2020 as a result of prolonged conflict, bad weather and the collapse of the COVID -19 economy.” ”.
Although asylum seekers face “unprecedented challenges” in 2020 and new claims have dropped by one million, the UN found that refugees worldwide rose from 20.4 million in 2019 to about 20.7 million by the end of 2020.
Nearly 21,000 unaccompanied or separated children filed a complaint in 2020, compared to 25,000 a year earlier.
Eight out of 10 border migrants come from 10 countries; The Assyrians wrote 6.8 million people on the list, followed by Venezuela’s four million people.
Turkey had an estimated 3.7 million refugees by 2020, the largest population in the world.
So far, the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) has reached 48 million – more than ever before.
Colombia continues to report on the IDP, with 8.3 million refugees fleeing their homeland by the end of 2020.
UNHCR and the International Organization for Migration were forced to suspend evacuation for several months at the start of the epidemic, although they resumed.
“With so many governments closing long-term borders and restricting central travel, only a handful of refugees and refugees have been able to find solutions such as a free return or re-establishment of a third country,” the report found.
Only 34,400 refugees have migrated to third countries, a 69% reduction compared to 2019, while about 1.4 million refugees have to be relocated.
Predictions for the food crisis in 2021 are “equally worrying”, according to the UN, with countries such as South Sudan, Syria, and the Central African Republic facing the threat of famine.
Similarly, the number of people living in extreme poverty as a result of COVID-19 is expected to rise at an unprecedented rate – between 119 million and 124 million by 2020 – according to the World Bank.
“Given this, the question is not whether the forced relocation will exceed 100 million people – but when,” the UN said.
“Obviously, the importance of avoiding conflict and ensuring that displaced people can get answers has never been more difficult than it is now,” he added.
However, there have been reliable signs, the report said, with the US government announcing refugee status – up to 62,500 in 2021 and 125,000 in 2022.
Colombia also announced in February that it would provide temporary protection for more than 1 million Venezuelans.