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Chinese policies ‘could cost millions of births at Uighur in Xinjiang’ | Human Rights Issues

China’s contraceptives could cut between 2.6 and 4.5 million people born to Musilm Uighur and other minority groups south of Xinjiang within 20 years, up to one-third of the expected minority in the region, according to a survey. another German researcher.

The report, which was previously shared with Reuters reporters, also includes an unprecedented survey conducted by Chinese experts and officials on Beijing’s family planning policy in Xinjiang, with official data showing that births dropped by 48.7% between 2017 and 2019.

Adrian Zenz’s investigation comes amid a series of Western powers being asked to investigate whether the Chinese incident in Xinjiang was a murder, a case strongly denied by Beijing.

A study conducted by Zenz is the first study to be peer-reviewed by peers over many years of increased levels of damage in Beijing in the western region. Human rights groups, researchers and others say the law includes the newly established borders in Uighur and other minority Islamic communities, the relocation of migrant workers and the closure of about a million Uighurs and a few other ethnic groups in camps.

“This (research and analysis) really shows the long-term goal of the Chinese government for the people of Uighur,” Zenz told Reuters in a report on Monday.

The Chinese government has not said anything to reduce the population of Uighur and other ethnic groups in Xinjiang. Based on the state birth analysis, demographics and racial distribution made by Chinese educators and officials, Zenz estimates Beijing’s policies could increase the Chinese population south of Xinjiang to about 25% from the current 8.4%.

“This goal is possible only if he has done what he has been doing, which is a serious obstacle to the birth of (Uighur),” Zenz said.

‘White speculation’

China also cited declining birth rates as a result of the full realization of the region’s birth and development rates, as well as the increase in per capita income and access to family planning services.

“The so-called ‘killing’ in Xinjiang is nonsense,” China’s foreign ministry told Reuters in a statement. “This is an indication of the foreign intentions of the anti-Chinese forces in the United States and the West as well as the visibility of those suffering from Sinophobia.”

Much of what indicates a decline in Xinjiang births between 2017 and 2019 “does not reflect the truth” and Uighur births remain higher than the Han population in Xinjiang, the ministry added.

The study compares the growing numbers of Xinjiang researchers at the state-run Chinese Academy of Science with the impending doomsday, and the knowledge of breeders and what Beijing describes as “human mobilization” for small nations’ of Xinjiang since 2017.

It found that the ethnic minority in southern Xinjiang under Uighur-dominated will reach between 8.6 to 10.5 million by 2040 under the new family planning system. This compares with 13.14 million Chinese researchers using information before the birth process with an estimated 9.47 million people.

Zenz, an independent researcher for the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation, a non-profit organization based in Washington, DC, has already been criticized by Beijing for its research that has been critical of Chinese principles in building Uighurs, mass migration and birth defects in Xinjiang.

China’s foreign ministry has accused Zenz of “misleading” people with information and, in response to Reuters’s inquiries, said: “His lies are inappropriate.”

Zenz’s research was approved for publication by the Central Asia Survey, a quarterly study journal, after being reviewed by colleagues on June 3.

Reuters shared the study with more than a dozen experts on social analysis, birth control methods and international human rights law, who said the review and its data were good.

Some analysts have warned that the increase in population growth over the years may be affected by unforeseen circumstances. The Xinjiang government has not made public the number of ethnic groups or ethnic groups south of Xinjiang and the proportions used in this survey are based on the figures of Chinese officials and students.

‘End rule in Uighur’

Birth control restrictions between Uighur and a few others are very different from Chinese birth control principles.

Last week, Beijing announced that the couple could have three children, out of two, the biggest change since the principles of one child were removed in 2016 in response to the rapidly growing Chinese population. The proclamation did not mention any ethnic groups.

Prior to that, the ban barred most ethnic groups in Han and minority groups, including Uighur, from having two children – three from the countryside. However, the Uighurs and other minorities had been left marginalized at the border border as part of a law that favored minorities.

Some observers, activists and human rights groups say the laws that have been followed now have a greater impact on minority Islamist groups, who are being imprisoned for increasing birth rates, rather than being fined as much as in China.

In a 2020 Communist Party registry report, Zenz, a training camp south of Xinjiang in Karakax County cited birth defects as a result of 149 of the 484 cases cited. China has called the series “false”.

Ethnic minority numbers have been strongly enforced in Xinjiang since 2017, despite family breakdown and contraception, intrauterine (IUDs) and abortions, three Uighur people and a health worker in Xinjiang told Reuters.

Two Uighur residents said they had relatives who had been arrested for having too many children. Reuters could not prove its own arrest.

“It is not an option,” said the official, who lives south of Xinjiang, who asked not to be named for fear of reprisals from the government. “All the people of Uighur must follow… and an urgent task.”

The Xinjiang government has not responded to a request for comment on whether birth control measures are being taken against the Uighurs and other minorities. Xinjiang authorities have previously stated that all measures are voluntary.

However, in Xinjiang provinces where the Uighurs are the most ethnic group, birth rates dropped by 50.1% in 2019, for example, compared to the 19.7% decline in most Han states, according to Zenz government records.

The Zenz report states that a study published by students and government-paid officials between 2014 and 2020 shows that strong law enforcement is driven by national security concerns and is driven by a desire to reduce the Uighur population, increase Han’s emigration and strengthen loyalty to the ruling party. of Communism.

For example, 15 documents produced by students and government-sponsored organizations included in the Zenz report include comments from Xinjiang officials and fellow students who highlight the need to increase the Han population and reduce the number of Uighurs or explain population Uighurs are at risk of moral instability.

“The problem in southern Xinjiang is mainly social instability … the Han population is very small,” said Liu Yilei, a student and deputy secretary general of the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, a senior government official. with the authority in the region, he informed the July 2020 symposium, published on the website of Xinjiang University.

Xinjiang should be “able to lead the Uighur faction”, said Liao Zhaoyu, dean of the Institute of Fontier History and geography at Xinjiang’s Tarim University at the 2015 academic year, shortly before the birth certificate and the opening program.

Liao did not respond to a request for comment. Liu could not be reached for comment. The Foreign Ministry did not comment on the allegations or the reasons for their decision.

Destructive intent?

Zenz and other experts point to the 1948 Annual Convention on Prevention and Punishment for Crime, which lists the practice of preventing birth control as one of the most common causes of death.

The United States government and parliaments in countries including the United Kingdom and Canada have described China’s methods of preventing births and more prisons in Xinjiang as genocide.

However, some academics and politicians say there is not enough evidence for Beijing to destroy the human race in some way or enough to carry out an assassination plot.

No such case has been filed against Chinese or Xinjiang authorities for lack of evidence and awareness of facts in the region. Prosecutors may also be complex and require sufficient evidence.

In addition, China does not take part in the International Criminal Court (ICC), the world’s highest court for genocide and other serious crimes, and it could only bring justice to the countries under its control.

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