The Chinese population has increased by 5.38% to 1.41 billion by 2020, according to the results of the last decade.
The Chinese population has been steadily rising since the 1950s in the 10s to 2020, which the government is proving to be, further compelling Beijing to increase incentives for couples to have more children and to avoid a permanent decline.
China’s population has grown by 5.38% to 1.41 billion, according to the results of a decade-long census, it announced Tuesday.
This compares with an increase of 5.84% to 1.34 billion in the 2010 census, and the number of double-digit increases in all six previous Chinese surveys conducted in 1953.
The results mean that China slightly missed out on the goal it set in 2016 to grow its nearly 1.42 billion people by 2020.
Beijing has amended its stricter family planning laws in 2016 to allow families to have two children amid concerns over Chinese aging and declining labor – but the move is no longer necessary for a child to meet the country’s growing population.
Ning Jizhe, a staff member at the National Bureau of Statistics, said “changes in China’s reproductive principles have had a positive effect”.
But he added that “old age has led to long-term developmental pressures.”
China has not yet released a 2020 birth rate, but previous estimates show that each year has declined since 2016.
The proportion of people between the ages of 15 and 59 has dropped by about 7%, the report shows, while those over 60 have risen to more than 5%. Family growth is now 2.62 people, down from 3.10 people 10 years ago.
China has long been concerned about population growth as it seeks to promote economic growth and promote development. In recent months, Chinese journalists have been optimistic, saying the number of people is likely to decrease in the next few years.
The United Nations has predicted that the number of people living in northern China will increase by 2030 before the rise. But at the end of April, the Financial Times reported that the population had actually declined in 2020 since last year, citing anonymous individuals who are aware of the situation.
“The dramatic reduction in the number of births is a matter of fact, and all kinds of evidence confirm this,” said Huang Wenzheng, a population expert at the Center for China and Globalization, a Beijing consultant.
“It doesn’t take a lot of enrollment to know that China is experiencing a shortage of newborns,” Huang said. Although the Chinese population did not decline in 2020, the analyst said, “it will happen in 2021 or 2022, or soon”.
The bright census was the unexpected increase in youth – 17.95 percent of the population was 14 or fewer in 2020, compared to 16.6% in 2010.
Young couples who want to have a child face challenges in China. Many share a home with their parents, while child care is expensive and childbirth is about to end.
According to a 2005 government report, it cost 490,000 yuan ($ 74,838) for a Chinese family to raise a child. By 2020, local media reported that the price had risen to 1.99 million yuan – four times the 2005 figure.
Many single mothers are excluded from health insurance and social security contributions, and many are concerned that childbirth could cost them their livelihood.
“Having a baby is the biggest hurdle to career development for women my age,” said Annie Zhang, a 26-year-old insurance agent in Shanghai who got married in April last year.
“Second, the cost of raising a child is high (in Shanghai),” he said, in a statement issued before the 2020 census was published.
“When you say goodbye to freedom as soon as you give birth.”