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What can the UN do in Afghanistan now? | | United Nations

As Afghanistan continues to be plagued by economic and social problems, there is one international man who can help the country get through: the United Nations. While its member states continue to debate whether to support the Taliban, the UN is still able to do more to help Afghanistan. In fact, as a global organization, it often assumes responsibilities that no other country would want to take on.

Although it was removed from the US-Taliban negotiations and the peace process in Afghanistan, the UN is now seen as a major way to help the people of Afghanistan. If countries succeed and destroy the UN by barring the organization from alliance with the Taliban, the obvious weaknesses in the UN system will be exposed. While the country waits for the Taliban to confirm its change, the UN must also change its approach and would do well to consider the following messages.

First, it is important to note that there is still a need for political stability in Afghanistan today as it was before the Taliban took over Kabul. Instead of labeling Afghanistan as a dead end, it is important to see it as a multi-year, modern and sustainable way to bring all sides together to build bridges and a better understanding of the future of Afghanistan.

With this in mind for lasting peace in Afghanistan, the UN must ensure that development solutions are effective rather than disruptive. In doing so, the peace-development-development alliance provides a powerful way to advance inclusive approaches that violate international norms for helping address the Afghan crisis.

Second, the UN can lead the way in promoting humanitarian approaches. The issue of food security is very important because Afghanistan is facing a famine and is at risk of starvation. According to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), a severe summer drought has affected millions of farmers in Afghanistan.

To prevent further food shortages in this country, urgent action is needed. Yet humanitarian businesses as they do by importing pre-export food are a lost opportunity to support agricultural livelihoods and get the economy back faster. Along with the distribution center, there is a need for relief centers throughout the country to collect food supplies.

In the coming months, the UN can support small-scale agriculture through the purchase of human food, rehabilitation of pipelines, and aid in food security, thus helping to stabilize agriculture and transform Afghanistan.

Thirdly, meeting the needs of the people at large will require bold and innovative ways to address the various problems and challenges of working in Afghanistan without establishing dependence. In October, the UN Development Program (UNDP) announced the establishment of a People’s Economy Fund that would provide access to income for vulnerable Afghan people and small businesses that could undermine economic support and economic stability. While this is an acceptable move, there is a need for greater mobilization.

The UN can also play a key role in calling on regional governments to address issues that hamper humanitarian response. As a landlocked country, Afghanistan must rely on neighborly cooperation for assistance. Pakistan has become a natural choice for donor agencies to access resources. While the approach is important, it is dangerous to rely too much on one boundary. The UN can support a variety of ways, including through Uzbekistan and Iran.

Fourth, there is an urgent need to protect 20 years of investment in Afghanistan’s government and culture. This means that the world needs more help than life-saving aid. In doing so, it is important that outside help avoid the overriding mechanisms that are in place, especially in the education and health sectors, which are critical to economic stability and the use of more women.

In mid-October, Deputy Secretary-General of the Treasury Wally, Wally Adeyemo, also said he did not think there was a problem for the Taliban to access their cold resources. Financial instability and low income savings, along with the inability to receive aid and funding, will provide opportunities for “terrorist” groups to exploit poor or poor people. The UN can play an important role in acting as a trustee of a gradual abolition of Afghanistan’s economy to help pay for health care and education and to address the economic woes of many Afghans.

Fifth, in light of the lack of trust between the Taliban and foreign powers, the UN is responsible for co-ordinating a roadmap to promote social cohesion and development. The UN has for example led UNICEF to coordinate educational opportunities with Taliban and has plans to provide direct funding to Afghan teachers. Both UNICEF and the World Health Organization have re-launched a polio vaccination campaign with the support of the Taliban: In October, the Taliban approved a UN-led polio vaccine campaign to continue, and said it was committed to allowing women to participate. staff.

In the hopeful phase of the development agreement, Deputy Prime Minister Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar recently met with Achim Steiner, head of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), in Doha where he discussed the economic crisis in Afghanistan.

In short, as UN agencies are already coordinating humanitarian efforts with the Taliban, they are ready to form a coalition on key issues to establish a working alliance between the Afghan government and the rest of the world. Considering the important role Qatar has played as a means of connecting with the Taliban and other countries, it is logical that they should also play a key role in supporting this.

In doing so, there is a need for a clear framework for measurable expectations and major events that can lead to recurrence. For the Taliban, this could include providing security, ensuring that aid is not cut off, guaranteeing women’s rights, and establishing a coalition government that represents all Afghan people. In the case of the international community, reforms can range from the resumption of development aid, or the lifting of sanctions, until the Afghan government is approved.

Ultimately, for this to happen and a successful coalition between the Taliban and the UN will require political will and leadership to represent the UN. Although the Taliban’s views on the UN are similar to the sanctions imposed on the group, it was interesting at a recent conference to recognize the tastes of Taliban leaders in the days of Lakhdar Brahimi, the former UN Special Representative to Afghanistan. Although he did not agree with the UN policy at the time, he was well-known by her as a Muslim who understood their beliefs and culture and showed understanding of their views without disregarding basic human principles.

The views expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of Al Jazeera.




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