Strong storms, constant conflicts and an explosion of violence have forced 40.5 million people to relocate last year.
Conflicts and natural disasters forced one to flee their country every second of last year, resulting in mass displacement, according to a new report.
This was despite widespread travel restrictions in an effort to curb the spread of COVID-19, which observers expect to reduce the number of migrants last year.
But 2020 was also marked by hurricanes, constant conflicts and violent clashes, forcing 40.5 million people to relocate, according to a joint report published Thursday by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center (IDMC) and the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC).
It is the highest number of migrants reported in the last 10 years, bringing the total number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) worldwide to 55 million, the report showed.
Risks: Our most recent report shows that a person was forced to flee his or her home country RECORD last year. We fail to protect the most vulnerable people in the world from conflicts and disasters. https://t.co/5PSFRA98ch pic.twitter.com/rQoeqVQqva
– Jan Egeland (@NRC_Egeland) May 20, 2021
The number of IDPs now exceeds 26 million people who have fled the border as refugees.
NRC leader Jan Egeland described the findings as “surprising”.
“We are failing to protect the most vulnerable people in the world from conflicts and disasters,” he said in a statement.
The report found that three-quarters of the three people who fled the country last year suffered natural disasters, particularly those related to bad weather.
Typhoons, hurricanes and floods hit hard and densely populated areas of Asia and the Pacific, while the Atlantic hurricane season was “the worst hit,” it said.
“Increasing rainfall in the Middle East and sub-Saharan Africa has affected millions more.”
Experts say that climate change is exacerbating the situation and exacerbating it.
In addition, about 10 million of those who were recently released last year were fleeing conflicts and violence, the report said.
“Of the approximately 10 million people who recently migrated as a result of the war last year, most were in the DRC [the Democratic Republic of the Congo], Syria and Ethiopia, ”Egeland said. “These people risked their lives to escape, despite the fact that COVID was disrupted and violent.”
The report also noted that the growing number of violent crimes and the proliferation of armed groups in Ethiopia, Mozambique, and Burkina Faso have exacerbated the growing problem in the world over the past year.
Temporary conflicts such as those in Syria, Afghanistan and the DRC continued to force many to flee.
In contrast to disaster relief, which is temporary in nature when people return to rebuild homes that were destroyed or destroyed by a hurricane, the migration that causes conflict lasts for years.
All but seven million of the 55 million people living in their homes at the end of last year fled the war, the report said.
It also warned that temporary conflicts and natural disasters are exacerbating the problem, with 95% of those who have recently migrated to war last year in countries at risk of climate change.
“Climate change and the overuse of natural resources can exacerbate instability and conflict, which in turn can lead to migration.”