Researchers in Cambridge have also adapted a microscopic microscopic device to create an artificial skin that is unique in nature, opening up the possibility of new weapons for everything from plastic to antibiotics.
Knowing how to use and modify the DNA in the heart for all of these genes is established, but so far it has not been able to change the 3bn age through how DNA instructs cells to make amino acid chains that make life-forming molecules.
“This is probably a biological change,” said Jason Chin, a project director at the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology.
“These bacteria can be transformed into regenerative industries that can be regenerated to produce a wide range of new molecules, which can benefit technologically and medically, as well as the development of new drugs such as antibiotics.”
A well-known study, published in the newspaper Science, building on the 2019 team to fight it made a common color E. coli pathogens and their entire DNA – called the genome – are made entirely of lab products.
Scientists have now identified the Syn61 bacterium that not only transforms DNA but also the interconnected machines that convert genes into genes. This created a new species that grows like E. coli but with some extras.
The key to doing this is three groups of “letters” – A, T, C and G – inside DNA. Each of these codons tells the skin to add amino acids to its growing protein. From the beginning of the life of the Earth all living things have preserved life in this way.
Because there are 64 possible codons and 20 amino acids by nature alone, the genetic material has a lot of redundancy. Scientists in Cambridge have used this process to reproduce other codons to create unique building blocks that do not exist in nature while allowing the cell to produce all the essential proteins for life.
The analogy may be to see the natural instinct as an English computer keyboard while other characters appear several times. Cambridge has translated version A into Greek alpha, more than B into beta and so on, making it possible to write in Greek and English.
These experiments suggest that ingeniously engineered bacteria can synthesize foreign monomers – group structures – into new proteins and other large molecules called polymers.
“We want to use these bacteria to make and manufacture long-lasting polymers that are made and make new products,” said Chin, adding that some work could be old polymers such as molten plastic.
Delilah Jewel and Abhishek Chatterjee of Boston College, two leading scientists who have not participated in Cambridge research, say that the technology of using “non-biological materials” could open up new jobs, “from creating new biotherapeutics groups to biomaterials with new tools.”
One of the advantages of modern technology is that the production bacteria are resistant to viruses, which require natural processes to replicate many cells.
“If the virus gets into the jars of bacteria that are used to make other drugs it can destroy the whole group,” explained Chin. Our bacterial cells can counteract this problem by fully combating the virus. ”
Chin also spoke of “significant commercial potential” in microbiology technology, adding that discussions on how to protect commercial skills were conducted.