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Infographic: What you should know about Israeli military | Discussion Topics

Last month, when Israel blew up the Gaza Strip for the fourth time in 12 years, the United States agreed to sell $ 735m worth of weapons to Israel. The proposal was opposed by members of Congress, and several Democrats initiated elections banning the sale of arrows properly guided by Boeing.

The 11-day Israeli war killed at least 253 people, including 66 children, in Gaza. At least 12 people have been killed in Israel by rockets fired by Palestinian forces in Gaza. The program of The UN Human Rights Council has formed a group to investigate both war crimes cases and the human rights group Amnesty International has reorganized call suspending the sale of US weapons to Israel.

Gaza is said to be the largest prison in the world. Since 2006, Israel has established maritime, maritime and airspace for its 2.1 million people. Israeli forces continue to occupy East Jerusalem and the West Bank where they detain hundreds of illegal immigrants.

Maintaining the hegemony of the Israeli war is central to US law in the Middle East. This is possible thanks to the support of the US currency and the rise of Israeli weapons.

Here’s what you need to know about the Israeli military and weapons industry.

How much money does Israel spend on its troops?

Israelis use a wide range of weapons in which military service is essential for civilians over the age of 18. In 2020, the country spent $ 22bn on its military base, according to a repository for SIPRI, a research organization that focuses on conflicts and weapons. Israel spent $ 2,508 per person and distributed 12% of all government spending on defense.

Ironically, the combination of these schemes reflects the amount of weapons used by Israel compared to the world’s major military forces, including five permanent members of the UN Security Council.

Israel is the world’s largest supplier of advanced weapons, including drones, missiles, radar technology and other weapons. By 2020, he was the 12th largest arms dealer with more than $ 345m in arms sales to 16 countries, according to SIPRI.

How much does the US spend on Israeli warfare?

The US is the largest arms supplier in Israel, giving the country $ 3.8bn in 2020 as part of a record $ 38bn over 10 years signed under former US President Barack Obama in 2016. Earlier, Israel also received financial aid from US and weapons. As Israel prospers, economic aid, which began in 1951, has ended and is nearing its end in 2007.

The US is establishing how to use aid, especially military. For example, Leahy Law prohibits the export of US weapons to civilians who commit atrocities. However, no Israeli group has been accepted according to the law. Similarly, US financial aid to Israeli institutions such as universities needed to be used within the Israeli border before 1967. The crisis was lifted under Trump’s control.

By comparison, the US provided $ 19m in all forms of aid to Palestinians by 2020, according to USAID, with Trump officials suspending large sums of money from the Palestinian Authority while his government advocated so-called “peace plans” that Palestinians opposed as one side.

Since the PA was established in 1994, the US has provided $ 5bn in full support. Unlike aid to Israel, Palestinian aid has many facets. For example, under Taylor Force Act, economic aid could be cut off if the Palestinian Authority provides “payments that promote fear”. Biden officials have said they will resume assistance to Palestinians, although the figures will be close to those provided to Israel.

Washington is also being constituted, under its domestic laws such as the US-Israel Strategic Partnership Act of 2014, to protect Israel from the so-called “military”, meaning that Israel must continue to be more militant than its neighbors. The law guarantees Israel access to high-quality US weapons. U.S. officials also regularly negotiate trade defenses with Israel, to ensure that their allies do not suffer in the military.

US aid to Israel began in 1948 when the last of its members declared their independence, and the US was one of the first countries to recognize Israel. Subsequently, the US began to provide financial, and gradually, military assistance to the new government.

However, military support to Israel grew stronger after the six-day war in 1967 when Israel defeated neighboring Arab militias and began occupying West Bank, East Jerusalem and Gaza. The skepticism of the military since 1967 has meant that it represents about 80 percent All services provided by the US.

Israel has long been regarded by US lawmakers as an ally of protecting US interests in the Middle East. Initially, this included the integration of Soviet powers into the region. According to the US Congressional Research Service, reasons for continued military assistance for Israel includes a common denominator, “US support for Israel” and “commitment to democracy”.

The US currency in Israel has remained, and remains, is happening, between the two countries, with Democrat and Republican donations. For the past two decades, the US has supported Israeli forces has increased even Israeli weapons in Gaza in 2008/2009, 2012 and 2014 that killed more than 3,500 Palestinians. At least 100 Israelites have been killed in three wars.

Commenting on the increase in US military support in 2003, Stephen Zunes, a professor of political science at San Francisco University, said the increase was “part of an increase in U.S. military spending in the Middle East and U.S. military spending” after the US Revolution. 2001 for al-Qaeda in the US, war led by US in Afghanistan and invasion of Iraq.

“The US assistance to Israel has been very much in line with how Israel can help advance US goals, not those related to Israeli security,” Al Jazeera told.

Commenting on the increase in US military support in 2000, Zunes said the U.S. had agreed to the 1998 Wye River Treaty to help Israel “in retaliation”. [relatively minor] The Israeli response to the Israeli-Palestinian peace talks ”.

“Since the money was spent last year, this was the first budget to follow the conference and probably because of this,” he said.

Israel is the largest recipient of all US Foreign Exchange (FMF) – a program that provides money and credit to US allies to find “U.S. defense equipment, employment and education”. Over the past two decades, 55% of all US FMFs have been donated to Israel, more than the rest of the world, according to the Security Assistance Monitor, part of the Center for International Policy, Washington DC tank.

These statistics do not indicate any alternative to the military. For example, the U.S. military has a large number of “emergency” weapons in Israel. At the moment the price is $ 3.4bn, Israeli forces can use this cache in case of an emergency.

South Korea has a similar system. This was designed to help send a U.S. military force quickly. Normally, for Israel, they still serve as another defense and allow the Israeli army to acquire more and more weapons in battle. Unlike FMF recipients, Israel is allowed to use FMF funds to buy from local companies until 2028, under the guidance of the US-Israel MOU recently for self-defense.

Israeli troops enter and export

In the past, the importation of Israeli weapons has outpaced their trade. However, in the last decade, exports have begun to erode regular exports, which the SIPRI database showed.

According to Neve Gordon, a professor at Queen Mary University in London, Israel used Palestine, Lebanon and Syria as “a demonstration of the products of Israeli military companies”.

“This is very important for exporters, as weapons manufacturers and inspectors can say that they were used during the war and their efforts were tested,” he told Al Jazeera.

Israel exports weapons from western countries, with 83% of its exports from the US between 1950 and 2020. In contrast, 23% of its exports went to India, and shipped elsewhere. Israel magically continued to expel apartheid from South Africa.

The two countries signed an agreement security agreement in 1975 to avoid the international trade agreement established in South Africa because of its opposition.

From 2015 to 2020, the major Israeli export markets were, as a result, India (43%), Azerbaijan (16%), Vietnam (10%) and the US (4%), according to SIPRI. India was the largest exporter of Israeli weapons in 2020.

Relations between the two countries have grown since the Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi came to power in 2014. Since then, the Indian ambassador has been written to encourage the use of the “Israeli nation” in Kashmir-led India, regarding Israeli settlements in the occupied West Bank. and East Jerusalem.

Civil rights groups have denounced Indian military forces in torture in Kashmir including threats, torture, indiscriminate killings and the arrest of Kashmiris translators. In 2019, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights asked for a series of open-ended questions.

‘Not one dollar’ – ask not to be arrested

Palestinian people and Palestinian freedom fighters are with them long called for blocking countries in Israel, claiming that alliances with foreign governments and companies help Israel to remain in the Palestinian territories.

According to the Palestinian-led Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions (BDS) – which has called for a non-violent, man-led group to force Israel to end its occupation and provide equal freedom and the right to return to Palestine, Israel uses military forces “to enforce illegal laws. colonialists and racists “.

Human rights groups such as Amnesty International have called on US President Biden to reconsider Israel’s recent arms deal amid “human rights violations and international law violations on a daily basis.”

A number of progressive U.S. lawmakers have also asked Biden officials to provide US assistance to Israel. U.S. Congresswoman Betty McCollum has enacted a law that would prevent Israel from using US aid to kidnap Palestinian children, destroy Palestinian territory and continue to occupy Palestinian territory.

“Not a single US taxpayer dollar should be used to violate the rights of Palestinian people living in Israeli hands,” he told Al Jazeera earlier last month.

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