Dengue fever is spreading in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
Thousands of people in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh have been affected by dengue this year, one of the worst epidemics in recent years, which has severely limited the already weakened medical systems in the world.
In India, about 116,991 cases of dengue have been reported this year, according to local media outlets citing health officials. Fifteen states and territories have reported cases this year, accounting for 86 percent of the total number of people in India living with dengue until October 31.
In Pakistan, two regions bordering India – Punjab and Sindh – are also witnessing. As of November 8, Punjab had recorded 19,021 cases of dengue and 75 deaths this year, of which Sindh had recorded 4,273 cases, according to Pakistani officials. The total number of cases throughout the country is not known, but according to a International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, the capital of Islamabad, had at the top dengue fever is getting worse.
And in Bangladesh, about 25,000 patients have been hospitalized across the country and 95 people have died since January, according to Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS). About 151 new patients were hospitalized with dengue in the last 24 hours.
Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease found mainly in tropical areas where high temperatures, humidity, and unpredictable temperature rise cause infected mosquitoes to spread the dengue virus or DENV virus.
This mosquito often lives at an altitude of 2,000 feet (6,500 feet) and requires temperatures above 16 degrees Celsius (60 degrees Fahrenheit) to reproduce.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), about half the world’s population, nearly four billion people, live in areas prone to dengue. Each year, 100-400 million people contract dengue and 40,000 die from the dengue virus.
Dengue virus spread
Dengue cannot be transmitted directly from one person to another. Instead, the virus is transmitted by the bite of a female mosquito called Aedes aegypti.
When an uninfected mosquito bites a person with an infected virus, the mosquito’s body carries the virus. Infected mosquitoes can transmit the virus to a healthy person by biting it, thus creating circles.
Infected mosquitoes can continue to spread the virus to healthy people for a lifetime of up to three to four weeks.
According to WHO, the spread of dengue worldwide has increased dramatically in the last few decades and is considered one of the 17 most tropical diseases (NTDs).
It usually takes four to five days after a person is infected with the virus to develop symptoms that last for a week or more.
About 1 in 4 people infected with dengue will become ill. For them, symptoms can range from headache, nausea and fever to severe symptoms such as severe abdominal pain, shortness of breath and internal bleeding. About 1 person in 20 suffers from chronic dengue, which can be life-threatening, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention).CDC).
Prevention and treatment
Avoiding mosquito bites is one way to protect yourself from dengue. These include sleeping with mosquito nets; removing stagnant water from the house; and the use of mosquito repellent.
There is no prescriptive drug that will stop the flow of emotions. People with HIV are encouraged to breathe, drink plenty of fluids and take painkillers such as paracetamol (also known as acetaminophen) to reduce fever. Aspirin or ibuprofen should not be taken as it may increase the risk of bleeding.