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How the weather could affect NASA’s return to the moon

Yes, the weather is in the air. The surface of the sun emits oxygen and water, releasing tiny particles (protons, electrons, and heavy ions) into orbit around the sun up to millions of miles per hour. These objects can hit the Earth and the moon in just a few minutes. The earth’s magnetic field also protects us from harm, but tiny particles can protect us fast electrical and power grids on the surface and the destruction of complex satellites that monitor GPS activities and telephones.

The weather can be very dangerous for any astronaut who is going to the moon or trying to sit and work on a lunar shelter on land. Life and energy systems can shut down, and solar activity can cause dangerous radiation. “Between Apollo 16 and 17,” says Owens, “there was a great weather event in the sky itself they would be deadly if the moons were on the moon at that time. ”

Every 11 years, the sun’s magnetism flies into the sky — the northern and southern parts of the marketplace, and solar activity rises and falls. You may think it is wise to start a little shorter time in the sun, but this is not always the case, because low sunlight often means that there is a lot of exposure to galacic cosmic rays (radiation from outside the sun).

In addition, the weather forecast that we have predicted over time is related to less and less frequent events, which would not pose a risk to missions. But a fierce storm that threatens to wipe out the moon is a catastrophic event. Many, as a well-known event of 1859 at Carrington, occurred at what appears to be a relatively short period of time. And these horrific events are countless, making them difficult to quantify.

Encouraging small-scale observations that have been made, Owens and his team developed models of the established climate based on 150 years of solar eclipses. These species mimic different types of hurricanes – one occurs randomly, the other supports the possibility of solar maxima, and much more.

After thousands of experiments, the researchers had enough knowledge to determine the type of phenomena that fit perfectly with what we now know about how the sun works. He learned that the weather follows the same weather: the weather is much longer when there is more sun than it is less, and dangerous events occur longer around the sun than the weak ones.

And there is one more thrilling aspect of the catastrophic events: it tends to occur later in the miraculous solar eclipse than even one.

We have just started the round of 25 in December 2019. The solar eclipse is expected to occur in 2023-2029, then it should be the best time of the weather. “But because of this unusual trend, the potential for climate change is much higher at the end of the window — say, 2026-2029,” says Owens.

The authors argue that the increased risk makes it unsafe to run missions on the moon during that time. “We’re not predicting the timing of events,” Owens said. “That’s why the best advice we can give is about dealing with a traumatic event.” If the launch is to be delayed by 2026, it may be necessary to delay it by now, by 2030. Otherwise, mission planners should ensure that an armored vessel is well-equipped to protect travelers from dangerous rituals.

Other than that, it is not as if we can only bring travelers to the moon from the moment we know that a terrible solar storm is on the way. In the meantime, our best weather forecasting systems give us the title of a few hours a few days-And those prophecies are too bad to foretell a terrible storm.

Dan Baker, a astronomer at the University of Colorado Boulder, thinks the study is a good fit, emphasizing that research like this “should be taken seriously and should be curtailed. [mission] preparation. “But they do not fully believe that the research activities of this study should be accepted as a test of any lunar activity between 2026 and 2029.” , “He says.” However, I think that clever ways can be put in place to prevent the catastrophe of the universe. of airplanes or lunar eclipses that can protect astrologers from such events.

While a traumatic event may be rare, it could mean the difference between life and death on the lunar cycle. Whether NASA and others are willing to take this risk is unknown.

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