If the world hopes to eliminate carbon dioxide by the sixth century, at least half of the wounds will have to come from new technologies.
Find, in reports from the International Energy Agency released Tuesday, highlights the importance of strong investment in research, development, and development of clean energy technology.
The IEA’s road map for air emissions by 2050 – with global warming increasing to 1.5 ˚C – also includes some technical features that are not available or very cheap today. These include batteries full of more energy, pure hydrogen as fuel or industrial feed, liquid biofuels, and equipment that emits carbon dioxide from factories and power plants or coal.
The report also emphasizes the need for significant investments in greenhouse gas emissions. This includes direct, existing but very expensive steering machines today, as well as what is known as carbon-based bioenergy (or BECCS), the idea that we can use biofuels to make oil and produce anything that burns on fire.
The results of the IEA lead to further debate as to whether the country should focus on developing new technologies to combat climate change or exploit the resources we have.
US weather regulator John Kerry caused a collapse online In a statement this week to the BBC: “Scientists have told me that the 50% reduction we need to make to zero will come from technologies we don’t have.”
For its part, the IEA described them as technologies that are “currently on display” or “not for sale.”
But the report makes it clear that the world will not have a choice between the new or shipped. It describes a time that also reflects the need for us to rebuild the technologies we already have in order to achieve the 500s goals.
By 2030, the world needs to add more than 1,000 gigawatts of wind and solar energy a year, which is a shame all electricity in the US today. Electric motors need to reach 60% of new sales by 2030, while half of the heavy vehicles purchased are expected to be EVs by 2035. And by 2045, half of global warming should be met by heat pumps, capable of operating clean electricity.
In short, we must move forward quickly, in everything, all at once.