After the death of Ram Prakash after a hot and humid week, his wife and 16-year-old daughter were heartbroken for fear that the small safety net they had wrapped around them could break.
The 53-year-old, a local business tax consultant, was one of the millions who joined the fast-growing Indian group in recent years. Their rising costs, better education and its use are some of the most successful economic issues in the world.
But the second deadly storm that killed Ram’s life, providing food for the family, has shattered Prakashes’ hopes for the future. “Our life was good, but now it is all over,” said Uma, his widow.
Economists warn that the recent explosion could have short-term benefits for middle-class Indians whose use is expected to expand the country for many years to come.
“India, at the end of the day, is a matter of drinking,” said Tanvee Gupta Jain, India’s chief financial officer at UBS. “If you have not healed the 2020 waves and then gone into the 2021 wave, then it will be difficult.”
India announced more than 320,000 Covid-19 and 3,800 deaths on Monday. Experts say that all of these figures are not really visible.
The disease has multiplied by the Indians regardless of the background. In the meantime, it has had a profound effect on middle-class aspirants whose previous opportunities have protected them.
Health experts are showing signs that after the rise in urban poverty last year, groups of people including the rich were at high risk at the time. This was exacerbated by the temporary deterioration of the health services they relied on.
“You are rich but you cannot get a hospital bed. You are rich but you can’t get oxygen, “said Saurabh Mukherjea, founder of the Marcellus Investment Managers.
Indigenous people in India had already been weakened by the economic crisis that followed the end of last year, despite being protected from the same virus.
The Pew Research Center found that 32m people left the Indian group – called earners between $ 10 and $ 20 a day – by 2020. This represents more than half of those added to the group since 2011.
India’s economy is expected to recede before the second wave arrives. For middle-class Indian Indians, such as the Prakash family, this second surprise can be overwhelming.
Ram, a taxman, moved his family to a bedroom in a suburb of New Delhi, bought a car and sent their daughter to a cheap public school, hoping she could become an accountant.
“He gave us a lot while he was alive,” said Vasundhara, his daughter. “I hope to continue my studies.”
Experts argued over the course of the trial between the middle class and the wealthy Indians on the second wave.
Anup Malani, a professor at the University of Chicago, points out that these people are highly motivated, especially as new races spread.
In Mumbai, for example, a study last year found that about 50% of people living in shelters had Covid-19 antibodies, compared to less than 20% in neighborhoods with wealthy people.
He believes this has left middle-aged and middle-class people vulnerable, especially in serious cases, researchers said. Doctors also report similar results anywhere in India.
“The first patient fell ill with the poor,” Malani and two other co-authors he wrote this month. The second river “is formed differently by people coming from unstable places”.
The researchers say there is a need for more but more vulnerable people may be included in foreign cities, such as those living in poor rural health care facilities, where the virus is devastating.
The explosion was a surprise that disrupted even the best hospitals in India, including rooms in cities such as Delhi or Bangalore.
About 1% of Delhi’s 5,800 Covid ICU beds are available, for example, where air pollution contributes countless deaths.
After Ram Prakash’s asthma went down, his family spent two days in a state of shock taking him to one hospital – seven and a public hospital for treatment.
Eventually, they brought him home. Ram died on April 27.
Uma and Vasundhara fear economic ruin. He has a debt of Rs30,000 ($ 408) to cover expenses, plus school fees and a nearby home loan that Ram bought as an office.
“Right now our only concern is to survive, to get food and necessities for our daily lives. But there will not be enough, ”said Vasundhara.
They are planning to sell their car, and Uma, a former Sanskrit teacher, wants to get another job. But she worries that the hope of a better life is gone.
“We never thought this would happen to us,” Vasundhara said. “We can’t understand this.”