Most of the authors who copied the text of the Dead Sea Scrolls were unknown, as they neglected to sign their work. This has made it difficult for scholars to determine whether the manuscripts must have been written by one or more writers, based on their unique style (paleography). Now, a new manuscript analysis of the Greater Isaiah Isaiah, using the tools of artificial intelligence, has revealed that the phrase was probably written by two authors, indicating a different type of writing, according to new paper published in the newspaper PLOS One.
As we have already said, the ancient Hebrew text 900 volumes complete and partial All, stored in clay pots – first found in various blood vessels near the former site of Qumran, northeast of the Dead Sea, by Bedouin shepherds in 1946-1947. (Apparently, a shepherd threw a stone while searching for a lost animal and accidentally broke one of the clay pots, which led to his discovery.) Qumran was destroyed by the Romans, about 73 AD, and historians believe the scrolls were hidden in caves by a group. something called Essenes to protect them from destruction. Natural stone and culture in the caves helped to preserve the scrolls for many years; began between the third century BC and the first century AD.
Several skins form a carbon-soluble date, and synchrotron radiation – in other words – has been used to illuminate the form of ink using text. Most recently, in 2018, Israeli scientist Oren Ableman used a computer-connected microscope to awareness and discernment Pieces of the Dead Sea Scroll stored in a cigarette box since the 1950s.
A 2019 Study of the so-called Temple Scroll he concluded The skin contains an unusual coating of sulfate salts (including sulfa, sodium, gypsum, and calcium), which may be one of the reasons why the scrolls were so well preserved. And last year, researchers found The four pieces preserved at the University of Manchester, which appear to be empty, actually contain hidden inscriptions, probably part of the book of Ezekiel.
The paper here focuses on the Great Isaiah Scroll, one of the earliest known manuscripts found at Qumran Cave 1 (1QIsa). Only the scrolls from the caves can be completely preserved, except for a few places where their skin has been broken. The Hebrew text was written on parchment, 17 feet[24 m]long, and about 10 inches[10 cm]in diameter, containing the entire book of Isaiah. This makes the scroll of Isaiah the oldest complete book in about 1,000 years. (The Israel Museum, according to Google, is digitally wrote the scroll of Isaiah along with an English translation as part of the Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Project.)
Many scholars believe that the text of the Isaiah was copied by a scribe because of its style. But some say that it is probably the work of two scribes who wrote the same thing, each copying one of two different parts of the scroll. “They attempt to obtain a ‘smoking gun’ manually, for example, a special condition in a letter that would identify the author,” Coach author Mladen Popovic said of the University of Groningen. Popović is the director of the University’s Qumran Institute, which studies the Dead Sea Scrolls.
In other words, the traditional paleographic approach is the one that is most consistent and adaptable to the student’s learning. It’s a bit of a hassle because one writer can have a similar style, so how can one know the natural differences or subtle differences that show the other hand? In other cases, the same writing can be done because of two co-authors studying together, a sign marking a tired or injured secretary, or a sign altering a change of writing instruments.
“The human eye is a marvel and is also considered in these cases. This allows scholars to ‘see’ the hands of various writers, but that concept is often not fulfilled in a transparent way,” he said. said Popovic. “In addition, it is unlikely that the scholars will be able to access the information that these documents offer.” For example, the Isaiah Scroll contains at least 5,000 letters of the alphabet (“a”), making it almost impossible to compare any alphabet with the eye. Popović’s insights and expertise may be appropriate for this project.