In mid-March, NASA The researchers announced that they had found a file on an unknown form hiding in the International Space Station. And it was cool with that.
Instead, an organization known for its advanced social media system – Mars rovers do not post their tweets, that is to say – everyone was silent without realizing it.
At least too only.
It is true that the new life was not, of course, a xenomorphic alien with blood acid. They were new strains of bacteria, unknown on Earth but whose genes are identified as being derived from a well-known genus called Earth. Methylobacterium. Its members usually enjoy interacting with the roots of plants, not on the walls of the lounge area. However, you may think that maybe the germs-not-but-maybe-that-changing-air need to be released a little bit. Yet we are here. No one was surprised exactly – and the reasons that explain the future of space research.
As part of the ongoing research into the life of ISS microbes, pilots who flew in 2015 and 2016 passed through various locations and lowered the towers they use. Over the next few years here on Earth, a team of researchers from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory’s Biotechnology and Planetary Protection Group released microbes that control their genes. One version, available on the HEPA filter in the station’s live support system, was a wide variety (literally!) Methylobacterium rhodesianum. But the three models – from the upstairs area near the checkpoint, the wall near the “cupola” of windows, and the ship’s dining table – were new. Researchers conducting the study called M. ajmalii.
It was not even the first time that researchers had discovered a new bacterium in the air. They had already found the file all other unknown bacteria in the ISS-published edition of the paper in 2017. There is a chance that the virus in some way with the aliens, that they changed at the station. But it is thin. They face difficulties in transporting goods, or in a ship, and hunter-gatherers only recognize them because they go to see them. “There is a possibility of a change in the atmosphere, no doubt, but the atmosphere is much smaller. It’s only 20 years. Bacteria may not have changed in that time, “said Kasthuri Venkateswaran, JPL medical specialist in charge of the study.
Most interestingly, perhaps, I find out which bacteria are the zeroest in the world but a hero in a rare, closed space of a ship. This is why learning about the International Space Station microbiome – bacteria, fungi, and well-developed viruses – can be crucial to mission protection on Mars, or a permanent place in other lands. As on Earth, human health in the air will depend to a certain extent on the health microbes and the positive relationship with the microbiome of the vessel or shelter. Venkateswaran says: “We can say that the new types of staff transporters may have some systems in place to cope with the situation there.” “The rest must have died. This is what survives. ”
The place is real really unpleasant. Outside a container or a respirator suit, it would be a competition to see if you died for the first time due to suffocation or drying. (The amount of solid radiation is greater over a longer period of time.)
Therefore the inside of the vessels and suits should be closed. The only things that come and go are goods and professionals. But everywhere people go, they come with tiny germs that carry them – in their gut, on their skin, in their nose and mouth. This is true in your home, and it is true in the ISS. But the ISS is not the same as your home, not because it regenerates air and water and you can’t open the windows. The air on the ISS is dry, with high levels of carbon dioxide. The electric months are high. There is no power to negotiate. (“We’re used to having some insects that land, but they won’t land if you don’t,” said John Rummel, a former NASA Planetary Protection Officer, who is responsible for separating aliens from Earth and other terrestrial habitats. Fragrance was not new within the ISS, and because it is littered with pores where water droplets can float and follow, due to global tension, it has many places where germs can interact.