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Archaeologists have unearthed ancient Tsunami survivors off the coast of Turkey

Human bones are in the ruins of what is now Turkey.

A 3,600-year-old man has died in the tsunami.
Picture: Vasif Shahoglu

A team of archaeologists and geologists recently found victims of an ancient tsunami off the coast of Turkey. The victims may have been humans — men and dogs, who were now all bones was killed after a massive volcanic eruption 3,600 years ago.

The eruption was at Mount Terah on the island of Santorini, which took place about 1620 BCE. The explosion was so severe that much of Santorini was destroyed; bullet of the remaining island is now it is a popular tourist destination. The eruption severely damaged the Mediterranean Sea, when a tsunami struck the island and covered most of the area with ashes.

It is not surprising that the event was referred to as possible origin of Atlantis mythology or Egyptian plagues described in Bible had victims, such as the recently discovered people in Turkey. The group found it recently reports this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

The two fossils are found in Çeşme-Bağlararası, a Turkish coastal settlement dating from about XNUMX BCE to 13th BCE, according to the paper. Archaeologists have unearthed several Late Bronze Age artifacts from the site. Koma soon, ash and tephra –items thrown into volcanic eruptions—have been released on the spot. Investigators were able to trace the Turkish eruption back to the Santorini eruption.

“The effects of the eruption, and the tsunami that triggered it, were far more severe, and they reached more places than they had predicted,” said co-authors Beverly Goodman, a hydrologist at Haifa University in Israel, and Vasıf Şahoğlu, an archaeologist ‘sea. at the University of Ankara in Turkey, he wrote in agreement email. “Çeşme-Bağlararası is the northernmost tsunami that was also explored, and it is unique in that it is the cultural and commercial seafront and Minoan World.”

But in addition to the mountain equipment provided, the team also found evidence that the lake had moved ashore. Aside from the people and dogs still living in the area, the researchers found bullets and urchins. He found a house with a wall that collapsed inside; It seemed that the wall was black with mud, and the wall was leaking.

The weapons appeared to be entering the area from one side, prompting the group to say that it was not caused by the quake. The research team is not sure if the person, a healthy teenager, or even a teenager, died from drowning, serious injury, or even suffocation under a tsunami. But they are actively investigating this question.

Aerial view of archeological sites, border posts and modern buildings on both sides.

The site of Çeşme-Bağlararası, which was hit by the tsunami during the Thera eruption.
Picture: Vasif Shahoglu

These bones will be written by the team in the coming months; if they had the same time as the Thera eruption, the surviving humans and dogs would be among the few people affected by the disaster. (One name the bones were reported to have been observed during excavations at Theresia, west of Santorini, in 1886.)

“This study – we think – will open the eyes of scientists working in the Aegean region in particular. For years the main focus of Theran volcanic research focused on dating or its effects and the nature of the eruption, ash distribution, and tsunamis founders Goodman and Şahoğlu said.

“However, only a few areas were reported to have been affected by the tsunami, and no one was affected by the tsunami.

Perhaps the most important factor in this new project, are the nine new radiocarbons taken from various materials on the site. The day of Terah’s explosion is still debated; some thought the explosion was about 1530 BCE (give or take ten years) or about 1620 BCE. Last year, a group of dendrochronologists say that the explosion occurred in 1560 BCE, using wooden rings used in ancient Phrygian tombs. Dates from Çeşme-Bağlararası indicate that deposits may not be older than 1612 BCE, however, they could have prevented the explosion of Thera.

But the age of the skeletons will be useful in addition to ascertaining whether they were indeed victims of the Thera incident. Marine vessels are more likely to have real-time contact with radiocarbon, so some researchers use a variety of methods to detect tsunamis. Another team used the technology of luminescence technology last year to determine when the paleotsunami hit the coast of Levantine.

More fun is coming out of Çeşme-Bağlararası with the people who died there – people and dogs. And perhaps many northern areas indicate the extent of Thera’s devastation will return in due course.

Extras: Which Mountains Have the Longest Volcanoes?

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