First, the waves are a powerful source of energy. They are predictable, unchanging, and very powerful. The power they have is amazing – researchers think the waves are coming off the coast of the United States he can generates 2.64 kilowatt hours per year, which is 64% of the total electricity in the country by 2019.
But finding the enormous power that has passed through our oceans is not easy – electricity technology is hard to fix, starting costs are high, and experimenting in open ocean water is a big challenge. That is why energy losses have become a thing of the past false starts because ten years. But things could start to change in the industry: Government recent approval a fully tested component, using a power grid connected to the US.
The project, led by Oregon State University, PacWave South, is a large area 2 miles 7 miles off the coast of Oregon, where manufacturers and companies are able to extensively test their electronic technologies. It will cost $ 80 million and is expected to be operational by 2023. The project will also include testing four “outlets”, in which electrical equipment will be towed to the bottom of the sea and connected by wires to the sea. Overall, the PacWave South facility will be able to test up to 20 electronic devices at a time.
While electronic technology is still a phase of research and development, experts see it as a blessed new potential for renewable energy. In 2019 the global electricity market was valued at $ 43.8 million, and that’s it is expected more than three times by 2027.
“Before you can get a business farm certificate, you have to prove that you are doing well,” said Jesse Roberts, environmental analyst at Sandia National Laboratories’ Water Power Technologies department. “Since the testing center is available, there is another way to do this in the United States.”
There is only one matching page for PacWave worldwide, in the Orkney Islands in Scotland, according to Oregon project chief scientist Burke Hales. Where there is an electrical test page in Hawaii, is based on some very sophisticated form of technology. The Oregon site, meanwhile, can support almost any type of machine. Although many of the first hurricane operations are funded by the government, Hales says the hope is that the pilot will allow companies to attract investors and those who will use angels to demonstrate the feasibility of their weapons.
“Even someone like Bill Gates doesn’t pay someone millions of dollars to do a test they think will fail,” Hales said. “Possibility is very important.”
Bill Staby, who founded the Boston-based company Resolute Marine Energy in 2007, knows from personal experience that it is a barrier for companies like his to obtain a test permit at the global ocean. Extensive testing of Resolute Marine Energy has so far been done in tanks and labs, but this does not indicate the potential for the device to deal with maritime problems. Seemingly easy to set up a weapon in an empty sea, Staby said, “but there are a lot of people involved, state and federal officials who decide what happens and when.”
The power of the waves is promising, but it changes the game when it is seen as part of the electric power plant, says Kelley Ruehl, who works in Sandia National Laboratories’ Water Power Technologies department. When the sun is not shining and the wind is not blowing, waves can form to fill the gaps. “The fact that the function of the multi-component diversification system makes it very robust,” said Ruehl.