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Scientists Are Running to Understand the Tora Range

On December 20, Mount Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai, a volcanic eruption in the South Pacific at the top of a small, uninhabited island, was awakened by a seven-year sleep deprivation. The volcano erupted, splitting to ashes. Some 6,000 miles[10,000 km]away in England, Simon Proud, a satellite analyst at the University of Oxford, began observing volcanic activity.

By the time 2021 arrived in 2022, what seems to be the beginning of an all-out explosion seems to have stabilized. Then, early on the morning of January 14 in the local Tongan community, 12 miles[12 km]of ashes burst through the sky. The explosion was chaotic, and hundreds of lightning flashed shot from maelstrom every second, exploding land and sea. And one day later at the end of January 15, satellites recorded the horrors that were taking place.

Back in England, when Proud woke up that day and looked at his computer, he saw a tower of ashes different from anything he, or anyone else, had ever seen. Satellites had photographed the massive ash 14 miles[22 km]above the island as a shadowy roof, with a 100-mile-long[160 km]hurricane. about five times the height of a passenger plane. “What is this?”, Proud recalls thinking. “I looked at my experience, I think, this is different from what I’ve seen before. It’s ridiculous.”

Jaws have fallen all over the world. An explosion released a cloud of ash, which is thought to be equivalent to 10 million tons of TNT, produced 25,000 times more potent than lethal force an explosion in the Lebanese capital Beirut in August 2020. The Tonga eruption is one of the easiest eruptions of this century. And it did not end there.

Mike Cassidy, a volcanologist at Oxford University, states: “Then there was the tremendous shock. It erupted at a volcanic eruption at 600 kilometers per hour and created stress on the other side of the globe. “No one has ever seen this.” Just 20 minutes after the eruption, a 15-foot-long[4 m]tsunami flooded Tongatapu, an archipelago of the archipelago of the main island of Tonga. By the time the tsunami hit Japan and the west coast of the Americas, the ashes had already devastated many Tongan islands, killing agriculture, destroying water, disrupting power supplies, and cutting roads and roads. The submarine cable connecting the islands to other countries around the world was broken, disrupting phones and the internet around the world. It may not be repaired for several weeks.

Volcanologists could not believe their eyes. No matter what you chose, this was a spectacular, terrifying explosion. And all of a sudden, as the volcanic eruption subsided, the story of the international policeman began. What archeological events caused such a catastrophic explosion? And what kind of investigation is needed to end the case?

All methods volcanic eruptions are widely known. But the deadly eruption of January 15 needs to be re-examined, and finally, a new explanation. When Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai exploded, Shane Cronin, a volcanologist at the University of Auckland in New Zealand, had the same characteristics as everyone else, a volcanologist or not: white.


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