Laura Kreidberg, who oversees exoplanet space research at the Max Planck Institute, wants to see an independent analysis before it happens. Says Kreidberg: “There are a few shortcomings in the election process that could lead to complex and unexpected results.” “I would like to see another team bring out another team using their methods to see if they have achieved the same.”
Instead, this is already happening. Last week, another research team led by Lorenzo Mugnai, an astronomer at Sapienza University of Rome, released a statement paper which independently analyzes Hubble’s comment on GJ 1132 b. But when Mugnai’s team analyzed the data, they found that the planet’s spectrum is useless, in a way, with no orbit around it. “It’s very difficult to know what caused the difference, because it’s a very difficult analysis,” Mugnai said. “We know that the devil is in the details.”
The two groups hold regular meetings to determine the cause of the significant differences in their results, but Mugnai and Swain both speculate that the problem may be the way they calculate the solar eclipse as the earth moves in front of its star, a symbol called leg darkness. “The star is not a bright uniform from the center to the edges,” says Swain. “When the Earth is close to one side, it seems to block out a little light, because the other part of the star that is covering it is a little darker than any other star.”
In order to fix this, researchers need to analyze their data with the type that would take into account the decrease in stars. Both groups use the same type, but with different coefficients. He is now working on a switch to see if he can adapt to the results of the other team.
However, Darius Modirrousta-Galian, co-author of the Mugnai paper, thinks it is highly unlikely that GJ 1132 b has been able to store enough hydrogen to produce a second volume because it is so close to its star. Exoplanet researchers are still unsure of how much powerful radiation can be used in space production. “The method we use is that the brightest lights are the strongest, and cause the winds of the earth to have higher speeds and higher speeds, so that the atmosphere boils,” he says.
Modirrousta-Galian claims that the amount of hydrogen in the first envelope needed to compensate for this loss and to produce a second volume would be much higher than the earth’s. “We don’t have a problem with our vessels that the earth would be hydrogen-rich,” he said. “What we have achieved is that we do not now.
However, further research — as well as new discoveries by the James Webb Space Telescope, to be established on October 31– they need to confirm, or continue to confuse, the results of the teams. If GJ 1132 b contains hydrogen gas, it could open up new research methods for planetary scientists. First of all, the atmosphere may be easier to explore than it is made of tiny planets with frozen envelopes made of very heavy materials. The weight of the tiny Hydrogen cells contributes to the fresh, bright air to reflect light. And this makes for a very powerful and easy-to-read signature from Earth.
Both groups challenge the potential of the Hubble Space Telescope, which was launched in 2000, two years before scientists discovered the first known exoplanet. At 1.16 times the size of Earth, GJ 1132 b is the smallest planet ever printed, Swain wrote. “I think the interesting thing here is to better understand the requirements for studying small planets,” he says.
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