International airlines are facing serious political crisis a few years after Belarus boarded a fighter jet and exposed what became a fake bomb to keep an anti-journalist angry, which angered the United States and Europe.
Other European airlines immediately began to avoid Belarus, the main route between Western Europe and Moscow and the long-distance route between Western Europe and Asia.
The next flight to Flightradar24 featured a Ryanair flight from Belarus, adding hundreds of miles, and the LatvianBaltic airliner said it had decided not to use the country “until things became clear”.
“We, like all European airlines, need advice today from European and NATO officials,” Ryanair Chief Executive Officer Michael O’Leary told Ireland’s Newstalk radio.
Others, including Chinese and Turkish carriers, continued to fly to Belarus, which pays euros to use its territory. Each flight brings Minsk costs about $ 500, plus millions each year, a Belarusian official said.
The European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) said it had notified 31 of its members of the incident and that the airline had issued a warning to Belarus.
Aviation experts say that the long-standing consensus is now undergoing a major test in East-West power surveillance.
The United Nations’ International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) says the incident may be in conflict with the airline agreement: part of a series of international laws enacted after World War II.
“ICAO is deeply concerned about the forced arrival of Ryanair flights and passengers, which could be in violation of the Chicago Convention,” it said Sunday.
But experts have warned that calls for some Western politicians to shut down Belarus Airlines could take place against major obstacles.
Under international law, no ICAO or any other country can block certain places, but others, such as the US, have the power to order their flights not to go there.
The US has said it has convened a meeting of 36 ICAO councils, which have the power to investigate anything that could hinder the development of international aviation.
“It simply came to our notice then [Chicago] Meeting. It’s a robbery, ”said Kevin Humphreys, a former Irish airliner, of what happened in Belarus.
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International airlines will check for European Union support.
“We strongly oppose any disruption or demands on the arrival of aircraft that do not comply with international law,” said the International Air Transport Association (IATA).
“Comprehensive and competent research around the world is essential,” said IATA, which represents about 280 airlines but does not include Ryanair among its members.
It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post.
Although well-regulated internationally, and with the help of international air defense laws, airplanes do not have a global police force to avoid constant disputes over sovereignty.
Although it does not have the power to regulate, ICAO sits at the center of security measures that overcome political barriers but require urgent cooperation.
These laws are enforced through a Montreal-based organization with its 193 members, including Belarus, and ICAO only participates in airport security matters.
ICAO was devastated by the decades-long hijacking. In the past, the issue was to force countries to agree to seize flights on their own ground.
Humphreys said it would be the first time the council had to reconsider its allegations that some of its member states forced the aircraft to land, in what Ryanair O’Leary called a “state hijacking”.
Belarus reported on Monday that its authorities had recently provided “ideas” to Ryanair pilots.
Russia has accused the West of fraud, based on a lawsuit filed by a Bolivian presidential plane that was forced to land in Austria in 2013 and a Belarusian plane was ordered to land in Ukraine in 2016.
In 2013, Bolivia said the then President’s plane, Evo Morales, was disrupted by suspicion that former US spy contractor Edward Snowden, who wanted to Washington to reveal the secrets of US intelligence, was inside.
But aviation experts say that the rights granted to domestic airlines do not apply to presidential or government airlines, which require special permission to enter airspace in another country.
At the 2016 event, Belarus attorney Belavia said he had applied for compensation in Ukraine.
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Under the 1944 Chicago Convention – also known as the Convention on International Civil Aviation – each country controls its own territory, although the treaty prohibits the use of warplanes that could endanger security.
But international freedom is the so-called International Aviation Organization, of which Belarus is not a member.
The 1971 treaty, which includes Belarus, prohibits hijacking or false information in a way that may endanger air safety.