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COP26 has done more than we expected but less than we expected

COP26 has always been struggling to meet the world’s expectations. The summit, in the end, did not move the world resolutely to the path that could save from the catastrophic effects of climate change, even though what was happening before had already created impossible hope. The COP left the door open, about an inch wide, to prevent a rise in temperature of up to 1.5C – as long as countries heeded the call to return a year from now with air-conditioning plans in place. ten very important years.

The president of the conference, Alok Sharma, was a little irritated at the end, and apologized for what had caused the voices to change at the last minute. the future of coal. To the chagrin of many countries, India and China pushed for a final word on governments to reduce coal power, instead of ending it as previously stated.

Yet the fact that the final treaty also mentioned coal is a good alternative to the UN climate summit – as is another commitment to ending “insufficient oil”. Similarly the words of the conference expressed “deep sorrow” over the failure of rich countries to meet seasonal financial commitments for poor countries over the past decade, and a pledge to provide at least twice the amount to help those countries adapt to warmer climates. This is a welcome move, as part of COP26, which aims to reduce smoke quickly, which has been well received by large companies and investors.

However delegates from about 200 countries who had gathered in Glasgow for the past two weeks are leaving the Scottish city with a serious mathematical problem they had when they arrived.

All of their climate plans and commitments over the next decade are not enough to meet the goals of the 2015 Paris agreement, which aims to keep global temperatures “significantly lower” 2C than in the industrial era, and especially the safe limits of 1.5C. Instead, climate scientists predict that the world will improve 2.4C temperature, calm thoughts considering the extreme heat, floods and fires that have come with the average temperature of 1.1 ° C. A good estimate of a temperature of 1.8 ° C can only be based on strong assumptions that countries will meet all of their 2030 commitments, as well as promises to reduce their emissions in 2050 or soon.

The result was inevitable, considering how many countries came to Glasgow with weak or low-key targets to reduce their emissions. However, this does not mean that COP26 was in vain.

The summit has strengthened the Paris agreement in a number of important ways. First, it has recognized the importance of its 1.5C target, and the scientific agreement that until it should be required to reduce global emissions by half by 2030 and by zero by 2050.

The final words called on countries to “reconsider and consolidate” their 2030 goals if necessary in line with Paris’ goal, by the end of next year. They finally endorsed the Paris Agreement for a more transparent and effective operation, highlighting the need for global change to address climate change.

Other benefits include the unexpected acceptance from the US and China that the need to tackle climate change leads to many conflicts that divide the two regimes. The couple now have to put their words into words as they come up with dates and plans to speed up the weather. If China’s emissions, which account for about 27 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions, do not reach 2030, that raises questions about whether the 1.5C target can be achieved.

In another encouraging phase, Western countries at COP26 announced $ 8.5 billion helping South Africa to shut down its coal industries quickly and move towards a strong energy economy over the next five years. This conclusive evidence of how the “transformation” from dependence on fossil fuels can be achieved is commendable, and should be reiterated in other major developing countries that need help to recover quickly.

Other uses for methane cutting, deforestation and end business New petrol and diesel vehicles have laid the foundation for future COPs to promote direct action. This is also good news. Nor is it enough. This time next year, Egypt is set to have COP27. Governments need to ensure that it performs better than COP26.

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