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Archaeologists find ‘Lost Gold City’ in Egypt


Group of Egyptian archaeologists have unearthed what have been called the oil palace of northwest modern-day Luxor, which includes the ancient Egyptian city of Thebes (Aka Waset). The program of archaeologists called the site “the lost gold city of Luxor,” and believed that it was probably designed to produce ornaments, furniture, and pottery, among other things.

Inscriptions on marble potsherds from the site and the city up to the time of the reign of the 18th emperors of the Amenhotep III dynasty (1386-1353 BCE), often peaceful, marked by a period of great civilization, when Egypt was at its peak . (The clay bricks of the site also bore the inscription of Amenhotep III.) There are more statues of Amenhotep III than any other pharaoh. He was buried in the Valley of the Kings, and his mother was buried in 1889. Studies have shown that Amenhotep III died between the ages of 40 and 50, and he may have suffered from various ailments in his previous years (especially arthritis, obesity, and ulcers). pain in his teeth).

Pharaoh’s eldest son and successor, Thutmose, died at a young age, so the throne passed to his second son, Amenhotep IV, who soon changed his name to Akhenaten. (His queen was Nefertiti, and her son, who would eventually sit on the throne, was a prominent son, Tutankhamun.) Akhenaten rejected the polytheistic religion, dominated by the worship of Amun, and considered his beginnings. religion. They worship Aten instead (hence the name has been changed) and in the end try to suppress Amun’s worship completely.

Akhenaten also relocated the capital, Thebes, and built a new headquarters on what is now the city of Amarna, between Thebes and Memphis. Was he a visionary or a hypocrite, a madman? Probably not – some historians say that moving the capital may be a political ploy by the new pharaoh to break the Amun priesthood and the Egyptian culture. In any case, Tutankhamun brought headquarters to Memphis and ordered the construction of temples and temples in Thebes as soon as he sat on the throne, ending the Akhenaten uprising.

The availability of this new page may not help us to understand Akhenaten’s idea of ​​leaving Thebes – as well as the recent production site – but it is still praised as a wonderful thing. “There is no doubt about it; it is a remarkable discovery,” said Salima Ikram, archaeologist who heads the American University of Cairo in Egypt Egypt unit, adauza National Geographic. “It’s just a picture of his time – the Egyptian race of Pompeii. I don’t think you can look it up. It’s dangerous.”

Betsy Bryan, Egyptian scholar at Johns Hopkins University, called it “The second most important thing in the ruins is from Tutankhamun’s tomb.”

Archaeologist Zahi Hawass, who led the Egyptian army, shared the ad on Facebook. The group began searching for the Tutankhamun mortuary, since the temples of the last two pharaohs of the 18th dynasty, Horemheb and Ay, were located in the same area. Archaeologists have unearthed sites dug between Rameses III’s temple at Medinet Habu and Amenhotep III’s temple in Memnon. A few weeks after the excavations began last September, Hawass and his team were delighted to discover mud brick formations: round walls that were nine feet[9 m]high, seemingly insignificant in ancient Egyptian architecture.

The team found several artifacts: earrings, sculptures, pottery, debris from thousands of statues, and a host of weapons, which may have been used to twist or blow and mold. There was a bakery and a kitchen (with ovens and storage containers) on the south side of the page which was large enough to accommodate the staff. There were also mud bricks and places that looked like supervisors. Another area excavated was the bones of a bull or a cow, where human bones are found in mysterious places: arms outstretched on its side, and the remains of a rope at its knees.


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